Both resume and a cover letter are important documents which are required to apply for a job. If you are seeking for a job then you must learn how to prepare these documents and most importantly, you must understand the differences between a resume and cover letter. A lot of people don’t know the difference which is why they end up preparing a poor document.
The purpose of both cover letter and resume is the same that you have the skills & capabilities to do the job you’re applying for. However, there is a difference in the intent of these documents. There isn’t any compulsion to attach a cover letter, but some employers do ask for a job application along with resume. Attaching a cover letter can increase your chance of getting selected for an interview.
Difference between a Resume and Job Application Letter
Now let’s understand the differences between a cover and resume through this table.
|A resume summarizes the work experience you have.||A cover letter summarizes the work experience who you’ve related to the job you are applying.|
|A resume is a document which includes your personal details, qualification details, employment history, certification, skills, and other relevant information.||A cover letter highlights the skills and qualification you have for the job you are applying for. Job application tells the employer why you’re a fit candidate for a particular position.|
|Usually, a resume is written in the third person.||A cover letter is written in the first person. A job application is written in a letter format which means you have to include the salutation, add paragraphs, there should be a proper closing.|
Not every employer ask for a cover letter. But, attaching one with a resume makes your job profile stronger and increases the chances of selection.
Learn Here: How to write a cover letter or job application letter (writing tips)
What to Include in a Resume?
As mentioned, a resume provides employer all the details of your qualification, work experience, certifications, skills etc. Following are the things which are included in a resume.
- Contact details.
- Opening statement.
- Mention your key skills.
- Mention your technical & software skills.
- Give a career overview.
- Qualification details.
- Mention the employment history/volunteering/work placements.
Quick Tip: Provide information in bulleted lists. It will help the employer to read it quickly.
What to Include in a Cover Letter?
A cover letter is basically written to show off why you are an appropriate candidate for a job or position. Following are the things which are included in a cover letter.
- firstly, introduce yourself
- mention the job you’re applying for
- mention your skills, qualification, and experience which match the job requirement
- encourage an employer to read your resume
- finish with a call to action (for example, asking for an interview or a meeting).
These are the difference between a resume and a cover letter. Both these document are extremely important when it comes to applying for a job. As a job seeker, you must learn how to prepare these two document. Read the guides below to learn how to make a resume and a cover letter:
- Learn how to Build a Strong Resume
- Learn How to Write a Cover letter or Job application letter